Pencil study of the sandstone Head of Buddha (584 AD) from the collection of the Nelson Atkins Museum:
This sandstone Buddha head originally resided in Cave Eight of the Tianlongshan Buddhist caves in Shanxi province. It is dateable to 584 A.D. by the stele outside the Cave Eight entrance. Cave Eight is approximately 14 feet on a side and 14 feet deep with a central core pillar that measures about 6 feet square. The core pillar had large seated Buddhas with attendants carved on each of its four directional sides. The Buddha head may be from either the northern or eastern side of the central pillar. Sculpted with elongated ears and round face with a double chin, traces of red and white pigment remain.